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When hanging drywall, the goal is to minimize the number of seams as much as possible. This means you have to work with large drywall panels. The idea is that fewer seams equal less potential problems, but does staggering the joints add strength to the ceiling and wall?
Drywall seams should be staggered to make walls stronger and seams less visible since they are often difficult to finish and can be noticeable in the end result. You can stagger seams by placing half the panel on the first row and a full-length panel on the second row and use mud or tape to create a mound over.
The rest of this article will discuss topics related to this question in detail, including types of drywall joints and how to choose the right joint, why drywall joints should be staggered, and how to install drywall.
Types of Drywalls Joints
The installation of drywall does not require a precise method. You can develop your own techniques that can make your work easier and effective. During the installation, a joint occurs when you join two pieces of drywall and joined together with a compound or tape. You can either make a butt joint or tapered joint.
Butt joints occur where the short edges of drywall sheets with the same thickness meet. Finishing a butt joint can be quite challenging. You have to properly hide the joint with the help of a subtle mound.
On the other hand, tapered joints occur when the tapered edges of two sheets of drywall join on a wall or ceiling. When the two sheets join, you can finish the tapered joint by covering it with drywall tape and joint compound. The benefit is that it does not leave behind any bulge. The edges of the butt joints are on the shorter ends of the drywall sheet, while that of the tapered joints are on the longer ends of the sheet.
If you have to choose between the two types of joints, the tapered joints provide you with a much cleaner finish. You only need to cover the remaining space after joining the two drywall sheets with drywall compound and tape. Butt joints leave behind a ridge that you can get rid of by applying a compound and carefully sanding them to prevent the bulge from standing out.
Installing a Butt Joint
The installation process is fairly simple. It involves ensuring the two short ends of the drywall sheets that are non-tapered join each other.
- First, apply a small amount of the compound on the joint, and then embed the drywall tape to the compound.
- Next, you have to cover the tape with a second layer of the compound.
To ensure that the tape does not have any bulges after applying the joint compound, ensure that you are using a flat tape.
How to Make a Tapered Drywall Joint
Tapered joints work better than butt joints in flat seam installations since you can use joint compounds on the tapered edge to give you a seamless finish. A tapered edge occurs when you joint two drywall sheets with thinned-out ends. The two tappers create some kind of triangle, which you can fill with either a drywall tape, drywall compound, or both.
The drywall compound in use fits perfectly inside the valley where the two tapered sheets are joined. The compound does not rise any higher than the level of the drywall.
Tapered joints are the best to use, especially on flat installations since they have a clean finish as they do not leave behind any form of bulge.
How Do You Install a Drywall on the Ceiling and Wall?
When installed properly, drywall can make your walls and ceiling appear smooth. The primary goal is to make sure that the panels are tightly connected to each other. However, the joints can be tough to control since the drywall sheets are too large and stiff. Before making an installation of the wall panel, your first consideration should be the ceiling panel.
Installing a Ceiling Drywall
During the installation process, always start with the largest panel and end with the smallest. You can find regular panels measuring 4-foot (1.2-meter) width and a length of 8, 10, and 12 feet (2.4, 3, and 3.7 meters). Begin the installation from one corner and run the length of the drywall panels perpendicular to the direction of the ceiling joists.
The toughest challenge you may face when installing ceiling drywall is dealing with a ceiling butt joint. It may be hard since you are over your head. The butt joint also does not have any ridges like that of a tapered edge that can hold the compound in place.
As a result, much of it may fall on the floor as you apply it over the joint. Be smart about how you apply the compound and ensure that the surface becomes smooth.
You can make work easier for your back, arms, and neck by installing the panels with a lift. It can help you hold the panel securely as you install the drywall screws to hold them in place.
Installing a Wall Drywall
Installing drywall is very similar to covering the exterior of a building with some form of exterior panel. One of the most important factors to consider during installation is how you lay down the studs. By laying the drywall properly, you can easily tape and finish it. It also helps to make the drywall stronger to resist cracking at the seams.
You can also increase their strength by hanging them perpendicular to the studs. When seams land directly on the stud, they have less holding power. Their chances of cracking and breaking also increase.
Here is a video on how to hang drywall on walls:
You can install close to two sheets of drywall to a custom wall measuring 8-feet (2.4-meter) long. First, start with installing the top row panels all the way to the bottom. Make sure that the panels at the top are tightly attached to the ceiling drywall. It will help to hold the ceiling panels in place and also make the ceiling easier to finish.
You can install the drywall from either left or right and begin a ¼ of an inch (0.6 cm) short top to make the installation easier.
There are bevels on a drywall panel that can provide drywall tape and compound with enough accommodation creating no bulges. The ends do not have a bevel but create a butt joint. However, they have a bad habit of holding the compound to create a massive bulge.
Installing drywall shims to the joists can help ease the problem facing the butt joint. It creates a concave depression that you can fill with a thin compound.
Why Drywall Should Be Staggered
Staggering drywall seams prevent the matching up of joints from one row with that of another. A tapered joint creates a subsection that is weaker than the rest of the drywall. When the joints align or extend, it is highly likely that the weak points may also increase in length. When a crack develops, it can weaken your entire wall or ceiling.
Therefore, staggering your drywall can make the wall and ceiling stronger and minimize cracks development. Staggering also helps to make joints less visible to create a flawless finish.
From a technical standpoint, staggering drywall seams can help you in two ways:
- Making a wall stronger
- Making joints less visible
It may be nearly impossible to avoid butt joints when hanging drywall over wood studs, regardless of the direction you choose. But you can improve the quality of the finish if you properly arrange where butt joints should land.
Butt joints are one of the weakest areas prone to cracking. Staggering them helps to decrease their chances of cracking. The same applies to staggering steel studs that are common in ceiling and commercial framing.
- Home Guide: Ideas to Limit Drywall Finishing on a Drywall Ceiling
- Home Guide: The Proper Sequence for Installing Drywall on the Ceiling & Wall
- Drywall 101: Drywall Layout Best Practices
- The Spruce: Drywall Joints: Butt vs. Tapered
- Hunker: Should Sheetrock be Staggered?
- This is Drywall: Eliminating Problems with Drywall Butted Seams
- Fine Homebuilding: Drywall Seams
- Asking Lot: Should Drywall Seams be Staggered?
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Giovanni Valle is an architect, designer, internet entrepreneur, and the managing editor of various digital publications including BuilderSpace, Your Own Architect, and Interiors Place. He is the founder of BuilderSpace LLC.